Governor: BLM must take immediate action to remedy violations of Wild Horse Act

(Cheyenne, Wyo.) – Governor Matt Mead reminded the U.S. Department of Interior and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) that under the Wild Free Roaming Horse and Burro Act the federal government must remove excess horses from its Herd Management Areas. Currently horses overpopulate seven of those areas in Wyoming. The requirement to remove excess horses is not discretionary in federal law.

“Wyoming must enforce its rights under the Wild Horse Act,” Governor Mead wrote to the Secretary of the Interior and head of the BLM. “I have appreciated your cooperation in other matters and hope we can remedy this problem in that vein.”

Governor Mead gave notice that if the Department of Interior and BLM do not comply with the law in the next 60 days Wyoming will proceed in court.

“I hope that you will take immediate action to remedy these violations in Wyoming,” Governor Mead wrote.

Separately, the BLM is planning to remove wild horses from land in southwest Wyoming pursuant to an agreement between the BLM and private landowners. The area involved is part of the checkerboard where private, federal and state lands are intermingled. Wild horse advocates are challenging this course of action and Wyoming is intervening in that lawsuit. The State of Wyoming owns approximately 62,000 acres in the area.

Wyoming’s livestock leases are managed to protect natural resources and maximize revenue. Wild horses are not managed and increased populations of the horses interfere with the State’s ability to get the full value of the leases for the benefit of schools. Additionally, the lands are damaged when there is an overpopulation of wild horses.

–Provided by Gov. Matt Mead’s Office

100 Comments

  1. Margaret Lewis

    Hay Gov Mead this is why I boycott beef and will not visit the Rock Springs area. Now if you'd like to get some eco tourism going I might consider visiting Rock Springs but not when cattle boys get their in their knickers In a twist because they can't have all the land.

  2. Susan Moore

    Sounds like governor could care less

  3. Bonnie Brezette

    No more meat.. I was a vegetarian once before I have no problem going back. Will my act help probably not but it make me feel like I am not adding to an already huge problem….

  4. Camille Liljestrand

    We need humane government

  5. Betty Kay Gould

    Another politician that appears to have their strings controlled by the "money" people…

  6. Judy Frazier

    Rhe land is damaged when there's an overpopulation of horses which I find quite a joke what about the damage done to the land by ranchers letting their livestock graze there. The wildlife was created by God to roam free and to graze in the wild. Livestock are not exactly wildlife that ranchers should be made to keep their cattle and livestock on their own property and not be turned loose to grave on federal land. The rancher is getting the money from the livestock and cattle when they market it why the favoritism being shown to the ranchers and destroy Mother Nature to let the ranchers take over and contrl public and federal land for their own benefit. Don't have more cattle and ligestick than you have land for.

  7. Jimmy Supino

    are you people clueless when it comes to grazing ??, do some research

  8. Barbara D. Leon

    Expose the names of the cattle owners that are making these deals so we can boucott them and there products… If they don't get the pressure, nothing will change. Let's run them out of business unless they change their tactics!

  9. Kay Fausset Keen

    Are any of you people that are protesting from Wyoming? If you are not a resident of Wyoming – it is none of your business. I recommend that we place the excess horses in your backyard – you take care of the horses. Find something constructive to do in your community and stay out of our business.

  10. Wendy Hagen

    We all know politicians love their money…yours and theirs….he is but another Governor who is a puppet owned by the cattle industry. When are we going to rise up and take the bull by the horn? When are we going to stop letting them bully us? while they take our hard earned cash? Bundy had the right force behind him but for the wrong reasons. We need to stand up and say NO MORE! Block the entrance areas to roundups! Come uninvited…and push it til the cuffs go on. Being nice has not worked. We need to organize…if think animal advocates are crazy well let's show them some crazy! AND no beef (and this breaks my heart) no vacationing in Wyoming! Those two will bring them to their knees! AND YES…..I would come out for a blockade!

  11. Suzanne McCarty

    When is he up for reelection? It's the cattle ranchers who are abusing public lands that belong to the tax payers. It's not their own.

  12. Donna Bandy

    it's not only the ranchers and our government, it is oil and gas well companies and everyone else that wants to make money form the land and water in some way and to slaughter the horses for meat. And the government don't care cause they get a cut of some kind,so they let them get by with it.

  13. Donna Bandy

    We need to protest as much as we can to save wild horses and elect people who care about the horses.

  14. Donna Bandy

    And let me guess, you work on an oil well that just happens to be in Wyoming!

  15. Kay Fausset Keen

    Donna Bandy – sorry but you are wrong!

  16. Kay Fausset Keen

    What is your address so we can save the horses & ship them to your house!

  17. Sasha Shapiro

    Actually Kay…I am a tax paying American citizen and this is completely my business ….just as it is every other tax paying American in this country.

  18. Sasha Shapiro

    Are you clueless to what public land is?

  19. Jimmy Supino

    Horses cause more damage to the land then cattle , why don't you stick some on your place?? Were are u from anyway

  20. Mark Harner

    And it is horse advocates, as well. Horses All three of these special interest groups would just as soon flush native species, and healthy lands, down the toilet.

  21. Bill Garland

    Thank you Governor Mead. Its time to take a stand on this issue.

  22. Danie Hamilton

    when my federal taxes are collected…they are disbursed through the 50 states…therefore i have an interest in this matter.

  23. Suzanne McCarty

    Hey Wyo. idiot—public land is public business. I guess you know where you can stick your opinion.

  24. Caty Camp

    What an ass! Removing the wild horses on public lands is everyone's business.

  25. Caty Camp

    There is plenty of public land. The Governor should maybe remove the cattle industry's money from his ass. it is very clear who has bought and paid for him.

  26. Margaret Lewis

    Advocates do not ever condone breaking the law, and causing trouble. This is why there is such a show of force at public viewing points.

    I'd you want to blockade–that is on you. I WOULD NEVER BE A PARTY TO SUCH ACTION.

  27. Sue Carter

    The Rock Springs Grazzing Association is entering a deal with Anadarko Oil. Anadarko is the largest Landowner in Wyoming. Who do you think Gov. mead is interested in ? Leave the horses and the Grouse to protect the land. Do not reelect Mead.

  28. Sue Carter

    The Rock Springs Grazzing Association is entering a deal with Anadarko Oil. Anadarko is the largest Landowner in Wyoming. Who do you think Gov. mead is interested in ? Leave the horses and the Grouse to protect the land. Do not reelect Mead.

  29. Wendy Hagen

    That's fine Margaret! I don't think I was speaking to you personally. No need to attack an innocent commenter!

  30. Sasha Shapiro

    Do some research Jimmy…what does more damage…a cow with no front upper teeth that therefor pulls out grass by its roots? Or a horse with both upper and lower front teeth that snips off the top of the grass while leaving the root system in place? What does more damage a herd of cows that stand around water holes waiting to be moved by humans… or a herd of horses that come to water holes every two days and then move on their way?

  31. Sasha Shapiro

    Non of your business Kay Fausset…would you like to give your address so you can pay our taxes because only you and your select few are the ones getting the benefit of OUR public land? What don't you get?? This is not your land…this is the business of every single person who pays taxes in the USA.

  32. Sasha Shapiro

    Nope.

  33. Ruby Nester

    Leave the horses alone. Put up fencing. Graze your cattle on your own land. And it is my business when my tax dollars are being wasted to inhumanly hold these horses in crazy conditions. When they could be free. Do your job and manage the horses on the range.

  34. Wendy Hagen

    Public land is EVERYBODYS business….my tax money…..MY business ladies! Wyoming or NOT!

  35. Wendy Hagen

    You go girl!

  36. Lynn Huebner

    The issue is overpopulation?? The National Academy of Sciences did a study of the wild horse populations, using 8,764 wild horses, in the wild, as a basis for the following statistics. It found that 1st year mortality rates (foals) annually ranged between 14% and 50%. Adult mortality was found to annually range between 5% and 25%. What this means is, that in any given year, equine mortality on the range lands would be anywhere between 19% and 75% of the total population of wild horses. I would ask that the reader to let these percentages sink in. This mortality occurs naturally, due to predators of the wild horses and burros, which do indeed exist, along with environmental and weather related factors, which also affect competitive grazers. In addition sex ratios were found to average around 55% female and 45% male. This must be considered as obviously only females can put a foal on the ground. This is something that the BLM statistics do not reflect, but have conveniently neglected in its population growth claims. The genders of foals must be taken into consideration, as not all foals are female, and only those that are females can begin to reproduce, but only after the 2nd year. Added to this are considerations of delayed implantation, when the gestation period of a mare actually extends, due to stressful conditions on the range. Spontaneous abortion also needs to be mentioned, along with selective breeding by the band stallions, whereby perhaps only one mare, if any at all, are bred, under harsh range conditions. It then must be stated that added to this natural inhibition are those artificial adjustments added by the BLM that only serve to encourage the extinction of these wild ones. The use of the PZP contraceptive is one, which has been found to inhibit reproduction in those mares that were treated, for up to 2 years, carrying with it other physiological side effects. After the roundups of the BLM, which have been very aggressive, and relentless, sex ratios are adjusted to roughly 47% female to 53% male. This man made decrease in female density, along with the aggressive use of PZP by the BLM, have devastating effects on wild horse and burro populations. These only encourage annual reproductive rates that are far less than natural on range mortality. The result is diminishing numbers of wild horses and burros on the rangelands of the west. To further complicate population growth are the countless illegal killings of the wild horses, motivated by age old prejudices, most of which go uncaught. Also what must be included are the aggressive roundups of the BLM. All of these variables serve not only to disprove the astronomical population growth rates of the BLM but also overall numbers in the wild.

  37. Lynn Huebner

    So Guvnor, to continue, I say you don't have a leg to stand on. Do some research, stop bowing to oil, mining, gas and cattle interests and get on board to save the wild ones. They are very close to extinction even if no more were ever rounded up. The grazing damage is done by an overpopulation of livestock that outnumber the equines at an appalling 50:1 Does no one do research anymore or is everyone an illiterate technology junkie fulfilling Einstein's very real fears.

  38. Wendy Hagen

    It's this way , even if I did live in Wyoming…and I certainly wish I did….I would want them to remain free. Are the horses what bug you or the concept of really being free. I am an American and I pay taxes…plenty of them…..public lands belong to the public…..the public pays taxes….mine too then! The BLM manages some 245 million acres. They estimate 40,000 wild horses and burros. That would be 1 horse (or burro) per 6125 acres…but wait….the horses are only alloted 31.6 million acres which boils down to the hugely overpopulated numbers of 1 horse (or burro) per 790 acres. Hardly seems like an over abundance of horses and burros, does it?Mean while estimates of 720,000 to 2.9 million of sheep and cattle graze on these public lands. Seems so silly to want to get rid of the horses. They are American icons , a heritage species! They carried the histroy of this country on their backs! They deserve better! They are reason I visited Wyoming, to see them run…..free and proud! It took my breath away, I couldn't speak and I had tears of joy and a lifelong dream come true! Trust me there are many Americans who feel this way. Why would you want to take this away from children, childrens childrens, grandpas and grandmas whose souls fly free and their hearts soar as they watch the fabled mustangs run free….nostrils flared…mane and tail flying in the wind???????

  39. Wendy Hagen

    Donna Bandy she does….National Oilwell Varco.

  40. Kay Fausset Keen

    Sasha Shapiro I see that you live in Massachusetts and do not list an employer so does that mean you are not employed and NOT paying taxes??? The land is in Wyoming – you live in Massachusetts. How often have you been to Wyoming to "get the benefit of our public land?" What don't you get??????????? I never said it was my land – I said the people of Wyoming should be making the decision for the land in Wyoming. You should research the issue and become more informed of the situation. Over population of the horses is not good for the horses – some will starve to death. Is that ok with you????? Public Land can be and should be used for multiple purposes. People should become educated of the COMPLETE situation and not jump to incorrect conclusions. Managing the population of any species is beneficial – if we didn't encourage spaying & neutering in cats & dogs what would the outcome of that be? Common sense needs to be part of this situation. It would better for all if you concentrate on issues in Massachusetts. I am sure there are many relevant causes for you to support in Massachusetts.

  41. Wendy Hagen

    Our cause is the mustangs of the West…..what don't you understand oil well nelly?

  42. Wendy Hagen

    Kay Fausset Keen 2275 W Nimisila Rd Clinton Ohio 44216

  43. Sasha Shapiro

    Wow Kay! Struck a sore spot for you! I do pay taxes. I do not live in Massachusetts. And I used to be someone that visited (and brought my money to) Wyoming….but not since they are behaving so poorly. Do you want to lose all the money tourist bring to Wyoming ?

  44. Sasha Shapiro

    Yes I do want wild horses and burros to live free and die free…they are not starving. Have you seen any of the horses that are removed from the range in round ups recently Kay? They don't look starving to me! Are you aware that there is a federal law from 1971 mandating that these wild animals are protected? I have been researching this for 3 years now…at first I believed everything I was reading from the BLM and people like you…after doing a lot of research I now see that it was a bunch of lies…you are either ignorant to what is going on or you have money to lose/make from this land…I tend to think the second is where you are coming from…

  45. Tiio-Mai McCurty

    Kay F.K.: Those wild horses and burros is everybodys business even way beyond Wyoming borders, for it is life and not garbage! Those horses do have God given rights to be where they are and they have rights to live!!! The earth does not belong to mankind alone but also to animls – and Wyoming does not belong to the cattle ranchers!!!

  46. Sasha Shapiro

    Hey Kay, remember that pesky little law of 1971? The one that was passed in a unanimous decision made by congress ? It says that wild horses and burros are supposed to be given PRINCIPLE grazing rights on the land where they were found when the act was passed. Principle means 51%. If they are lucky they only currently get 18% percent of grazing rights on the lands managed PRINCIPALLY for their care. Currently, livestock outnumbers our wild horses and burros by up to 100:. Clearly this is direct violation of this act…get it now?

  47. Sasha Shapiro

    I have 3 on my property Jimmy….it does not matter where I am from…I am a tax paying American citizen and no matter if you like it or not public land belongs to all of us.

  48. Jimmy Supino

    well apparently you have never been around livestock , so no sence in arguing with good luck

  49. Tiio-Mai McCurty

    We need to protect the wild horses and burros and their home-land where they live on in every State, for they are in my eyes world-famous and should be protected as world inherited species with a very long history. They deserve to live free and to be protected – and they are beautiful!!!

  50. Sasha Shapiro

    ???

  51. Ginger Nytko

    The bottom line in every case is MONEY , increasing the profits. Have you ever visited the cattle feedlots in Kansas? Ranchers send their cattle to be fattened up. these poor animals stand there in the elements for a couple of years in triple digit heat with out shade or cover from the sun or blizzard conditions. All they do is eat and stand in one place . The conditions are deplorable! Our wild horses are being sent to corral feed lots just the same as the cattle. They do not have any pasture they are fed processed foods of which they are not accustomed to eat. many die in the transition period because of the large numbers of horses that are placed in a corral. If you could see their eyes and the expressions on their faces. They look lost and confused. Have a heart. have a conscience!

  52. Western Ecos

    I am sure they are scrambling to curb the damage that comment caused.

  53. Western Ecos

    Please do. I on the other hand, have started eating horse per my Dutchness.

  54. Western Ecos

    Its everyone, everyone pretty much hates feral animals because they breed uncontrollably and destroy everything.

  55. Western Ecos

    You could, but it wouldn't matter. 1. You don't live anywhere near these horses. 2. You are but a very very small emotionally driven minority with questionable intentions.

  56. Western Ecos

    You can't vote in Wyoming, therefore you should worry about horses somewhere else. Stop attacking the impoverished rural communities and the people.

  57. Western Ecos

    Who could care less about your opinion of horses you have never seen?

  58. Western Ecos

    Care to back that up? Because there is volumes and stacks, and piles of volumes and rooms full of stacks of information to the contrary of what you say.

  59. Western Ecos

    You arrived at that conclusion because he does not support your horse fantasy. That is interesting.

  60. Western Ecos

    Blah blah blah. You want to force other people to suffer because of your delusion? Because I know fairly certain that you have never studied the population dynamics of horses that spend half their time on private land, and I am also certain it costs you NOTHING, but little emotional trauma which is YOUR problem.

  61. Western Ecos

    Then why ask for more insane government?

  62. Western Ecos

    Yawn, that is like the 10th time. Didyou copy and paste that little bit of fantasy?

  63. Western Ecos

    Here we go with more horse conspiracies. Is that what downer teaches in his scribblings? Turn every attempt to manage a horse in to a conspiracy?

  64. Western Ecos

    Your 1/68,345,890,000,000 interest has been spent. Thank you.

  65. Western Ecos

    Proof that laws based on emotions should not exist.

  66. Western Ecos

    Wendy Hagen I smell a lawsuit…

  67. Western Ecos

    Sasha Shapiro your brilliance and exquisite intellect will be missed in Wyoming; where people choose to deal with reality.

  68. Western Ecos

    Lol, you know what a checker board is, right? Now put a fence around every square and now you have a bunch of 1 mile square corrals. Neat eh?

  69. Western Ecos

    We need an education system that teaches critical thinking and what credible research is.

  70. Western Ecos

    Are you clueless to both?

  71. Western Ecos

    Its tough to post a link eh? Try this one: http://joomla.wildlife.org/documents/policy/feral_horses_1.pdf

  72. Western Ecos

    Te he he he

  73. Danie Hamilton

    Western Ecos really? you have no idea how old or what i have contributed to this country, so Glibness and disrespect only reflect poorly on you and how you were raised? Arrogance often walks hand in hand with ignorance. i took the moment to check out a bit of your page. and another adjective popped into mind….callousness. i maintain my statement. it has integrity and honesty behind it. this is not just some momentary stand i came to lightly or cause it is the movement of the moment. if you spent half as much time on thinking as you did on that scrap of math that you displayed, who knows what could evolve in you

  74. Lynn Huebner

    Western Ecos I'm not going to respond to someone who spews only hatred and isn't willing to do the research. Horses are not feral, they have been here in their exact genetic make up for 2 million years. You will believe what you want to believe and continue to hate simply because you don't know any better and refuse to learn. You shout down every person here without one shred of evidence, just your firm opinion that you know best. Your responses are emotionally charged, cruel and sadistic.

  75. Ruby Nester

    Well 360,000 cattle and 45,000 sheep…in a herd management area. With only 1,900 horses that are protected. And have the right to be there. Seems we have a over population of cattle and if anything should get taken off its cattle. Not the horses they are federally protected. Put fencing around your private property if you have a problem with the horses.

  76. Suzanne McCarty

    Public land is public business idiot.

  77. Sasha Shapiro

    Try again Western Ecos….you sound like one sick individual …grow up and stop trolling…

  78. Sasha Shapiro

    Hey Western Eco…try learning something…no matter if you like it or not this is public land and therefor every tax paying citizens business …

  79. Sasha Shapiro

    Stop being a psycho bully Western Eco…nobody asked you!

  80. Sasha Shapiro

    "There is volumes and stacks, and piles of volumes and rooms full of stacks…." Haha Western Ecos you are a funny one!

  81. Sasha Shapiro

    Hey Western Eco….fence in your private land like every other respectable normal person…

  82. Sasha Shapiro

    You love dead horses don't you Western Eco…what a sicko you are!

  83. Sasha Shapiro

    Just because you can't read does not mean someone els has written "scribble " …it means you need some professional help Western Eco!

  84. Sasha Shapiro

    Very neat Western Ecos!

  85. Sasha Shapiro

    Wow why don't you practice a fraction of what you preach Western Ecos!?

  86. Sasha Shapiro

    Western Ecos does seem extremely sadistic…I agree Lynn Huebner!

  87. Beth Decker

    While YOU become vegetarians, the wild horses are overpopulating, interbreeding and dying. There aren't many fences in Wyoming, and they quite often are on the exact same land as the bovines. Including private lands – the fees that landowner pay to lease land, goes to all the programs that is currently enjoyed – like treating wild horses, letting you hike, walk and whatever. Leasing never stops the horses from going where they want to go – interbreeding DOES however, make them smaller, less likely to weather a Wyoming winter, and makes them incredibly susceptible to strange and weird diseases that comes from wild stallions breeding with their sisters, daughters and granddaughters. When the wild horses are managed, they don't just round up and sell off – stallions are changed out with other wild stallions from other wild herds – and they are also vetted and treated for ailments that could kill off the whole herd. You need to live in Wyoming for a few years – and see exactly what happens.

  88. Ruby Nester

    I say take the cattle and sheep off public land. Plenty of room for the horses..problem solved

  89. Diana Kline

    Governor Matt Mead should look up the 1971 Wild Free Roaming Horse and Burro act.

    Page 1, (c) "range" means the amount of land necessary to sustain an existing herd or herds of wild free-roaming horses and burros, which does not exceed their known territorial limits, and which is devoted principally, but not necessarily exclusively to their welfare in keeping with the multiple-use management concept for the public lands;"

    This means the wild horses and burros are entitled to 51% of their ranges and that it's illegal to zero-out HMAs, or Herd Management Areas.

    Please also note:

    Page 1, (b) "wild free-roaming horses and burros" means all unbranded and unclaimed horses and burros on public lands of the United States;"

    This means trying to debate whether or not the wild horses and burros are native is irrelevant to their protection, although, they are most certainly a native species to North America.

  90. Diana Kline

    Everyone reading here should look up the 1971 Wild Free Roaming Horse and Burro act.

    Page 1, (c) "range" means the amount of land necessary to sustain an existing herd or herds of wild free-roaming horses and burros, which does not exceed their known territorial limits, and which is devoted principally, but not necessarily exclusively to their welfare in keeping with the multiple-use management concept for the public lands;"

    This means the wild horses and burros are entitled to 51% of their ranges and that it's illegal to zero-out HMAs, or Herd Management Areas.

    Please also note:

    Page 1, (b) "wild free-roaming horses and burros" means all unbranded and unclaimed horses and burros on public lands of the United States;"

    This means trying to debate whether or not the wild horses and burros are native is irrelevant to their protection, although, they are most certainly a native species to North America.

  91. John Sendrowski

    Pete Gosar who is running for the Democratic Governor of Wyoming does not support horse slaughter. Vote Mead out in November.

  92. Diana Kline

    Governor Mead should look up the 1971 Wild Free Roaming Horse and Burro act.

    Page 1, (c) "range" means the amount of land necessary to sustain an existing herd or herds of wild free-roaming horses and burros, which does not exceed their known territorial limits, and which is devoted principally, but not necessarily exclusively to their welfare in keeping with the multiple-use management concept for the public lands;"

    This means the wild horses and burros are entitled to 51% of their ranges and that it's illegal to zero-out HMAs, or Herd Management Areas.

    Please also note:

    Page 1, (b) "wild free-roaming horses and burros" means all unbranded and unclaimed horses and burros on public lands of the United States;"

    This means trying to debate whether or not the wild horses and burros are native is irrelevant to their protection, although, they are most certainly a native species to North America.

  93. Diana Kline

    I'm not clueless as I have had horses for 41 years. My horses can't even eradicate the grass from my outdoor arena, which is why there is a whole industry that sells arena drags in all 50 states.

  94. Diana Kline

    You needs to read Sasha Shaprio's link above:

    "7. Considering that wild horses exhibit different foraging patterns and movement patterns than sheep and cattle, and also than big game such as antelope and elk, no sound biological basis exists for permanently removing wild horses from the Wyoming Checkerboard at this time. In particular, wild horses tend to hang out in the uplands at a greater distance from water sources until they come to briefly drink water every day or two, whereas livestock congregate near water sources and riparian habitat causing concentrated damage to vegetation and soil. For this reason, the impacts of wild horses are far less noticeable on the Checkerboard than impacts from livestock.

    8. In addition, because livestock tend to eat somewhat different forage than wild horses (horses tend to eat coarser vegetation such as Canadian wild rye and other bunch grasses, whereas cattle and sheep mostly eat softer grasses), there is no justification to remove wild horses on the basis that insufficient forage exists to support the current population of wild horses.

    Also, because cattle and sheep have no front teeth on the front part of their upper jaws, they tend to pull and tear grasses or other forage out by the root causing some long-term damage to vegetation, whereas wild horses, which have front teeth on both their front upper and lower jaws, act more like a lawnmower and just clip the grass or forage (leaving the root uninjured), allowing the vegetation to quickly grow back. These differences are extremely significant because if there were a need to reduce the use of these BLM lands by animals to preserve these public lands, it might be cattle and sheep – not wild horses – that should be reduced to gain the most benefit for the lands, and which is why BLM, during my time as an agency official, focused on reducing livestock grazing."

  95. Diana Kline

    I am not a vegetarian, Beth. You are painting a completely false picture here. The public lands ranchers are costing American taxpayers huge amounts of money that just isn't justified. If the public lands ranchers can't leave the wild free roaming horses and burros alone, then perhaps it's way past time to pull the plug in the subsidies:

    http://www.sagebrushsea.org/pdf/factsheet_Grazing_Fiscal_Costs.pdf

    "Considering the additional direct and indirect costs not included in the GAO report, economists have estimated that the federal public lands grazing on only BLM and Forest Service lands may cost as much as $500 million to $1 billion annually."

  96. Diana Kline

    The wild free roaming horses and burros are not "vetted" in the wild on the range except to give them long-acting chemical birth control.

  97. Diana Kline

    Bill Garland this is what the 1971 Wild Free Roaming Horse and Burro act says, page 1, as follows:

    Page 1, (c) "range" means the amount of land necessary to sustain an existing herd or herds of wild free-roaming horses and burros, which does not exceed their known territorial limits, and which is devoted principally, but not necessarily exclusively to their welfare in keeping with the multiple-use management concept for the public lands;"

    This means the wild horses and burros are entitled to 51% of their ranges and that it's illegal to zero-out HMAs, or Herd Management Areas.

    Please also note:

    Page 1, (b) "wild free-roaming horses and burros" means all unbranded and unclaimed horses and burros on public lands of the United States;"

    This means trying to debate whether or not the wild horses and burros are native is irrelevant to their protection, although, they are most certainly a native species to North America.

  98. Diana Kline

    The horses are Federally-protected wild free roaming horses and burros.

Leave a Comment

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Current ye@r *